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Date

Date functions can be used to do calculations and formatting on Date values.

 

Date

Description

Creates a date value from three numeric values.

Remark

This function should be used to represent a date to other functions instead of representing a date as text.

Example

Ex. Date(2012,7,4) – returns the date July 4th, 2012.

 

DateAdd

Description

Returns the sum of a date and a quantity of time.

Remark

DateAdd takes three input arguments.

A string representing the interval you want to add. The interval can be. "yyyy" (year), "y" (days), "d" (days), "w" (weeks), "m" (months), "h" (hours), "n" (minutes), "s" (seconds), "ww" (weeks of year), or "q" (quarters).

A real number representing how much time you want to add to the date.

A DateValue.

 

Example

Ex. DateAdd('h',1,Now()) – returns the date and time 1 hour from now.

 

DateDiff

Description

Returns the amount of time between two dates.

Remark

DateDiff takes three input arguments.

A string representing the interval you want to add. The interval can be. "yyyy" (year), "y" (days), "d" (days), "w" (weeks), "m" (months), "h" (hours), "n" (minutes), "s" (seconds), "ww" (weeks of year), or "q" (quarters).

The first date value.

The second date value.

Example

Ex. DateDiff('yyyy', date(1787,9,17), now())- returns the number of years since the signing of the United States’ Constitution

 

DateValue

Description

Converts a date represented as text (e.g. '30-jan-2008') to a date value.

Remark

Any time information in the Date_text is ignored. The ticks returned always represent a time-of-day of Midnight (in the server's local time).

If the year portion of Date_text is omitted, DATEVALUE uses the current year on the server.

Use this function when comparing two dates.

Example

Ex. DateValue('30-jun-2011') – returns the date object 6/30/2011.

Ex. DateValue({Orders.OrderDate}) > DateValue(Today()) – compares the order date to today.

 

Day

Description

Returns the day portion of a date as a whole number.

Remark

Values returned by the YEAR, MONTH and DAY functions will be Gregorian Calendar values regardless of the display format for the supplied date value.

Example

Ex. Day({Appointment.Date}) - returns the day of the appointment.

 

Day360

Description

Returns the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year.

Remark

Often used in accounting applications.

Date360 takes three input arguments.

The first date value.

The second date value.

Optional: True/False indicating to use European or American method of computation. If not included the American method is used.

Example

Ex. Day360({Appointment.Date},today())- returns the number of days between today and the appointment date.

 

GlobalDateFormat

Description

Returns a DATE value whose format is based on the session format.

Remark

Only accepts data objects, parameters, and cell references as input.

Example

Ex. GlobalDateFormat({Appointment.Date})- returns the date of the appointment based on the session format.

 

GlobalDateTimeFormat

Description

Returns a DATETIME value whose format is based on the session format.

Remark

Only accepts data objects as input.

Example

Ex. GlobalDateTimeFormat({Appointment.Date})- returns the date and time of the appointment based on the session format.

 

Hour

Description

Returns the hour of a time value ranging from 0 (12:00 AM) to 23 (11:00 PM).

Remark

Times may be entered as text strings within quotation marks or a date time value.

Example

Ex.  Hour("2:50:05 PM") – returns 14.

 

Minute

Description

Returns the Minute of a time value ranging from 0 to 59.

Remark

Times may be entered as text strings within quotation marks or a date time value.

Example

Ex.  Minute("2:50:05 PM") – returns 50.

 

Month

Description

Returns the month portion of a date as a whole number, ranging from 1 (January) to 12 (December).

Remark

Values returned by the YEAR, MONTH and DAY functions will be Gregorian Calendar values regardless of the display format for the supplied date value.

Example

Ex. Month({Appointment.Date})- returns the month of the appointment.

 

Now

Description

Returns today’s date and time (in local server time).

Remark

If embedding in other functions use Now(‘false’).

Example

Ex. Now() - returns the current date and time.
Now('false') returns the current date and time formatted MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss.

 

Second

Description

Returns the seconds of a time value ranging from 0 to 59.

Remark

When a time omits seconds, 0 (zero) is assumed.

Times may be entered as text strings within quotation marks or a date time value.

Example

Ex.  Second("2:50:05 PM") – returns 5.

 

Time

Description

Returns the number of ticks in a period of hours, minutes and seconds.

Remark

This function should be used to represent a time to other functions instead of representing a time as text.

Time takes three input arguments.

Hours

Minutes

Seconds

Example

Ex.  Time(14,50,5) – returns 534050000000.

 

TimeFormat1

Description

Returns the time component of a DATETIME input as a time object.

Remark

This function should be used to represent a time to other functions instead of representing a time as text.

NOTE. The return value of this function should be formatted as text. Cells formatted as General or Date may contain an erroneous placeholder date.

Example

Ex.  Timeformat1({Appointment.Date}) – returns the time component of the appointment date in the format ‘hh:mm tt’.

 

TimeValue

Description

Convert a time represented in text (i.e., “HH-mm-ss”) into time values that can be passed to other functions.

Remark

Acceptable formats include "5:55 PM" and "17:55". A time separator is mandatory ("17:00" is acceptable, "1700" is not).

If AM/PM is not present AM is assumed. When specifying AM or PM, do not use periods ("A.M." or "P.M." will return an error).

NOTE. The return value of this function should be formatted as text. Cells formatted as General or Date may contain an erroneous placeholder date.

Example

Ex. TimeValue(Time(14,50,5))- returns the time object 14:50:05.

 

Today

Description

Returns today’s date with no time component.

Remark

If embedding in other functions use Today(‘false’).

See the Now() function to get today's date with its time component.

Example

Ex. Today()- returns the current date.

Today('false') returns the current date formatted as MM/dd/yyyy.

 

Year

Description

Returns the year portion of a date as a whole number, ranging from 1 to 9999.

Example

Ex.  Year(Today()) – returns 2011.

 


Hidden Article Information

Article Author
Nick
created 2015-12-16 16:55:53 UTC
updated 2017-02-21 19:18:39 UTC

Labels
Date Functions, year, GlobaldateTime, functions,
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